You are watching: Category 5 hurricanes are the most destructive
ContentsCategory 5 is as powerful as a hurricane can obtain under the Saffir-Simpson scale. These monster storms pack wind speeds of 157 miles every hour or more. Due to the fact that 1924, there have been 35 documented hurricanes in the north Atlantic that reached this level—and of those, 5 have fight the United claims at group 5 strength.
While category 5 storms plainly present a major threat, wind rate isn’t the only aspect that provides a hurricane destructive. Storm surges often cause the many damage. For this reason a hurricane’s 1 come 5 rating on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind range doesn’t nicely line increase with exactly how dangerous it is.
Hurricane Katrina—considered amongst the worst storms in U.S. elafilador.net—did reach group 5 standing in august 2005, however it downgraded to group 3 by the time it made landfall in Louisiana and Mississippi. The deadliest recorded hurricane come hit the U.S. Was a category 4 when it hit Galveston, Texas in September 1900 and also killed almost everywhere from 6,000 to 12,000 people.
Although the Saffir-Simpson categories aren’t perfect indications of storm severity, the U.S. National Hurricane Center embraced them in the early on 1970s to try to market the windy an idea of how they should respond come an just arrived storm. Here’s a list of what occurred each time the U.S. To be hit by a hurricane at group 5.
Surface analysis of the 1928 mountain Felipe II hurricane, likewise known together the Okeechobee hurricane, nearing Puerto Rico together a classification 5 hurricane.
Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Laboratory
On September 13, 1928, a hurricane slammed into the U.S. Territory of Puerto Rico, bringing heavy rainfall and also high-speed winds the lasted for 18 hours. The affect killed 300 people, destroyed hundreds of hundreds of homes and also ruined farmers’ coffee crops. Due to the fact that the storm was the 2nd recorded hurricane come hit Puerto Rico ~ above St. Philip’s feast day, it ended up being known as the mountain Felipe II Hurricane (in Florida, where the storm later on made landfall together a group 4, the is recognized as the Okeechobee Hurricane).
At the time, meteorologists hadn’t yet emerged a standard category system because that hurricanes. Yet San Felipe II’s wind speed of 160 miles per hour do it a classification 5 storm. The mountain Felipe II was the most disastrous recorded hurricane in Puerto Rican background until Hurricane Maria make landfall in 2017, killing practically 3,000 people.
1935: The job Day Hurricane hits the Florida Keys
Sweeping in indigenous sea, the 1935 hurricane damaged this hotel together it struck v full force at Matecumbe Key, near Carysfor Light, Florida.
Bettmann Archive/Getty Images
The an initial recorded hurricane 5 to hit the continental U.S. Arrived on Labor day in 1935. The blew with the top Florida tricks with winds speeds up to 200 miles per hour and also killed end 400 people. At least 250 that the people killed were human being War i veterans who’d concerned the tricks through a commonwealth Emergency Relief administration project for unemployed veterans throughout the great Depression.
At the time, the veterans were building bridges and roads to aid revitalize the Florida tricks as a tourist destination. ~ above the evening of September 2, labor Day, U.S. Officials sent out a rescue train down to them, yet it was also late. The storm brushed up the train turn off its tracks, killing numerous of the veterans who’d already boarded in the process.
READ MORE: just how the Galveston Hurricane the 1900 became the deadliest US natural Disaster
1969: Hurricane Camille access time Louisiana and also Mississippi
An aerial photograph of the devastation wrought through Hurricane Camille, tackled August 18, 1969. Interiors of residences were gutted and in some situations entire homes were flattened.
Bettmann Archive/Getty Images
In 1953, the joined States began naming hurricanes specifically after women. One of these to be Hurricane Camille, a storm the landed follow me the Mississippi Gulf coast late in the evening of respectable 17, 1969. We don’t actually recognize the storm’s maximum sustained winds, due to the fact that it “destroyed all the wind-recording instruments in the landfall area,” according to the nationwide Weather Service. However, the company estimates wind speeds reached 175 miles per hour follow me the coast.
The group 5 hurricane eliminated 143 world on the Gulf Coast. However even after ~ its wind speeds dropped below hurricane-level intensity, it ongoing to it is in deadly as it moved north across the country. In Virginia and also West Virginia, flash flooding indigenous the storm eliminated 113 people.
1992: Hurricane Andrew access time Florida
A team of civilization sift v the rubble that a house that was straight in the path of a tornado spawned through Hurricane Andrew.
Paul J. Richards/AFP/Getty Images
After the U.S. Started offering hurricanes women’s names in 1953, male meterologists and also weathermen began describing danger hurricanes as “teasing” or “flirting” v a coastline. Feminists favor Roxcy Bolton campaigned to protect against associating ladies with natural disasters, and also in 1979 the U.S. Began naming hurricanes after men too, with Hurricane Bob. In 1992, Hurricane Andrew came to be the very first of this male-named hurricanes to reach classification 5 in the U.S.
Once again, the classification 5’s target was Florida. The made landfall in southerly Florida on respectable 24, 1992, and also reached continual wind speed of 165 miles per hour. The storm killed 61 people, and also its devastation or damage to buildings displaced another 250,000.
READ MORE: Hurricane Katrina: 10 Facts about the deadly Storm and Its Legacy
2018: Hurricane Michael hits Florida
Florida residents Lisa Patrick is conquer with emotion as she visits the continues to be of her home to watch if she have the right to salvage anything after the was damaged by Hurricane Michael together it passed through the area in October 2018 in Mexico Beach, Florida.
Joe Raedle/Getty Images
Hurricane Michael had maximum continual wind speeds of 160 miles per hour as soon as it do landfall in Florida Panhandle in October 2018. It killed 16 people and also was one of eight hurricanes in the phibìc Atlantic that year—including Hurricane Florence, which killed 54 people.
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Scientists warn that climate change may increase the severity that storms, definition that storms in the phibìc Atlantic will become an ext likely to turn right into hurricanes as climate readjust continues.