Much has been written about President Joe Biden’s Catholic faith. He often speaks the his religious convictions and quotes the Bible, and he attends massive regularly.

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Although about one-in-five U.S. Adults space Catholic and Catholicism has actually long been among the country largest religious groups, man F. Kennedy was the only Catholic president till Biden to be sworn in on Jan. 20. Aside from Biden, just one various other Catholic, john Kerry, has been a presidential nominee on a significant party ticket since Kennedy’s assassination in 1963.

This evaluation is an update to articles published in 2015 and 2017 around the spiritual affiliation the U.S. Presidents. Data because that this post was compiled indigenous news reports and uses details from the miller Center, the university of Virginia, PBS’s God at the White House and also the bother S. Truman Library and Museum.

The U.S. Structure famously prohibits any spiritual test or need for windy office. Still, almost every one of the country presidents have been Christians and many have been Episcopalians or Presbyterians, with most of the remainder belonging come other influential Protestant denominations.


One-in-five U.S. Adult say it is “very important” for the chairman to have strong spiritual beliefs, and 14% say it is really important to have a president that shares your own spiritual beliefs, follow to a February 2020 Pew Research center survey. A far greater share (63%) to speak it is really important to have actually a president that personally stays a moral and also ethical life.

The ahead president, Donald Trump, was included as a Presbyterian in a previous version of this analysis, however he claimed in one October 2020 interview with faith News organization that that no much longer identifies as a Presbyterian: “I now take into consideration myself to be a nondenominational Christian.”

Historically, around a 4 minutes 1 of presidents – consisting of some that the nation’s most famed leaders, such as George Washington, James Madison and also Franklin Roosevelt – to be members the the Episcopal Church, the American follower to the Church of England. Presbyterians space the next biggest group, v eight presidents, including Andrew Jackson and also Ronald Reagan. Unitarians and Baptists (the latter consisting of Bill Clinton and Harry Truman) are the teams with the third-largest re-superstructure of presidents, each v four. There additionally have been four presidents who recognize as Christian there is no a formal denomination, consisting of Trump and his predecessor, Barack Obama.

Obama was increased in a nonreligious household but converted to Christianity together an adult and also worshipped in ~ a joined Church of Christ congregation – Trinity joined Church of Christ – in Chicago. However, Obama left Trinity throughout his very first presidential project in 2008 ~ controversial statements by the church’s an elderly pastor, Jeremiah Wright, gained widespread attention.

Two that the most famed presidents in American history had no formal religious affiliation. The first, thomas Jefferson, shed his confidence in timeless Christianity at an early age however continued to believe in an impersonal God as the creator that the universe. Jefferson famously edited the brand-new Testament by removing references to the miracles and also leaving in Jesus’ teachings.

The second, Abraham Lincoln, was raised in a religious household and also spoke frequently about God (particularly together president), however he never ever joined a church. Scholars have actually long disputed Lincoln’s beliefs, consisting of the concern of even if it is he was a Christian, and also some aspects of his belief remain a mystery.

Lincoln is no the only president because that whom over there is part uncertainty neighboring his affiliation and also beliefs. Some presidents were an ext private 보다 others about their spiritual leanings, and also some may have evolved in their ideas during your life.

For example, Lincoln’s second vice president and ultimately his successor, Andrew Johnson, established himself as a Christian but never was formally part of a denomination or congregation. One more 19th century president, Rutherford B. Hayes, sometimes attended Methodist churches but “moved amongst Protestant denominations throughout his life,” follow to the Berkley facility for Religion, tranquility & civilization Affairs at Georgetown University.

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Note: This article was critical updated ~ above Jan. 20, 2017.

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