You are watching: Chicago police department number of officers
Police police officers stand guard as demonstrators stage a rally and march come protest police brutality in Chicago ~ above Aug. 15.Scott Olson / Getty pictures file
The Chicago Police Department"s hiring process, which stretches for an ext than a year, disproportionately reduce the variety of Black candidates — particularly women — hoping to join the department, follow to a watchdog examine released Thursday.
The city"s Office that Inspector general analyzed Chicago police hiring methods from 2016 come 2018, chronicling the volume and also rate that attrition, no-shows and success in ~ each phase of the procedure based ~ above race and gender.
The police force "has a disproportionately high attrition rate for black candidates, especially Black female applicants, which contributes come the low variety of Black policemans hired," the review concluded.
It claimed Black candidates consisted of 37 percent that the applicant pool but just 18 percent that prospective officers invited to the police academy. In contrast, "Asian, Hispanic and White candidates enhanced in your proportion the the applicant pool by the end of the hiring process," the report found.
Prospective female police officers who began the hiring procedure made increase 34 percent the applicants, the report said, but only 27 percent were invited to the academy.
The inspector general is independent and also nonpartisan.
Chicago police walk not immediately respond come a inquiry for comment Thursday afternoon. Officials likewise did not carry out a gender and also demographic break down of the force.
Deborah Witzburg, the deputy inspector general for windy safety, said in a statement the the police department"s hiring "does not reflect the City"s rich demographic diversity — not because of the pool that goes into the process, but since of the swimming pool that comes out of it."
"It is the disproportionate attrition of minority candidates transparent ... That drives underrepresentation of details demographic groups among those hired," Witzburg said.
The 70-page watchdog report stated that that Chicago"s 13,000 police employees, about 11,000 room officers.
In 2017, more than half of the department"s employees to be white, 25 percent were Hispanic and 20 percent were Black, USA today reported. That year, about 22 percent of the department"s police officers were women, the newspaper reported.
The inspector general"s office stated that the city"s hiring procedure examines a candidate"s cognitive and also physical abilities, psychological health and background and that it deserve to take as much as 1½ years.
The an extensive process way "losing qualified applicants who are unable or unwilling come wait so lengthy to certain a position," the study said.
The watchdog report supporters for a shorter process.
In total, the inspector general"s office make 17 referrals to alleviate attrition rates and diversify the force. Some had telling candidates about more disqualifying requirements in the elevator investigation. Black color men had actually the highest possible attrition rate throughout the background check, the report said.
Candidates were no assigned standardized identification numbers, which would aid the department"s record-keeping because that candidates who applied multiple times, the report said. It also urged identifying attrition levels based on educational attainment and residency, and also it encourage targeting recruitment in areas with less representation ~ above the force.
The final recommendation to be for proper departments to identify "whether the is informative and also appropriate to collection data ~ above sex assigned at birth in enhancement to gender."
A study published this year in the newspaper Science suggested that diversity in legislation enforcement can improve how officers treat world of color. The examine analyzed almost 3 million Chicago police patrol assignments and found that Black and Hispanic policemans made under stops and also arrests when using force less often, especially versus Black people, than their white colleagues. The study also said female policemans used force less typically than men.
Over 100 shifts, Black officers made, on average, about 16 under stops and two under arrests, which caused a 20 percent to 30 percent reduction contrasted to white policemans in comparable scenarios, the study showed.
The inspector general"s office referred to the examine in Thursday"s report, which said, "Diversity reforms can improve police treatment of decimal communities."
Other studies have actually touched upon comparable issues with Chicago"s police force.
See more: Crystal Smith St Johns, Florida Stabbing Faces Evidence, Crystal L Smith, (720) 200
A 2017 Justice department report found officers provided force virtually 10 times much more often with Black suspects contrasted to white suspects. From 2004 to earlier this year, the city paid around $662 million in settlements in police misconduct cases.