Cinco de Mayo, or the fifth of May, is a holiday the celebrates the date of the mexico army’s may 5, 1862 success over France in ~ the battle of Puebla throughout the Franco-Mexican War. The day, which drops on Wednesday, may 5 in 2021, is likewise known as battle of Puebla Day. While the is a reasonably minor vacation in Mexico, in the joined States, Cinco de mei has advanced into a commemoration of Mexican society and heritage, particularly in locations with big Mexican-American populations.

Cinco de Mayo background

Cinco de mei is not Mexican freedom Day, a well-known misconception. Instead, it commemorates a single battle. In 1861, Benito Juárez—a lawyer and member that the aboriginal Zapotec tribe—was chosen president the Mexico. In ~ the time, the country was in financial ruin after year of interior strife, and also the new president was compelled to default on debt payments to european governments.

You are watching: Cinco de mayo videos for students

In response, France, Britain and Spain sent naval pressures to Veracruz, Mexico, demanding repayment. Britain and Spain negotiated v Mexico and withdrew your forces.

France, however, rule by Napoleon III, chose to use the chance to carve an empire out of mexican territory. Late in 1861, a well-armed French fleet stormed Veracruz, landing a big force the troops and also driving chairman Juárez and also his government into retreat.

The battle of Puebla

Certain the success would come swiftly, 6,000 French troops under basic Charles Latrille de Lorencez collection out to strike Puebla de Los Angeles, a small town in east-central Mexico. From his new headquarters in the north, Juárez rounded up a ragtag force of 2,000 faithful men—many of lock either indigenous Mexicans or of mixed ancestry—and sent them to Puebla.

The vastly outnumbered and also poorly offered Mexicans, led through Texas-born basic Ignacio Zaragoza, strengthened the town and prepared for the French assault. On might 5, 1862, Lorencez gathered his army—supported by hefty artillery—before the city of Puebla and also led an assault.

READ MORE: The surprising Connection between Cinco de Mayo and the civil War

How long Did the battle of Puebla Last?

The fight lasted indigenous daybreak to early on evening, and also when the French finally retreated they had actually lost virtually 500 soldiers. Fewer 보다 100 Mexicans had actually been killed in the clash.

Recommended for you

Benito Juárez was chosen president in1861.At the time, the nation was in financial damage after years of interior strife, and the brand-new president was required to default on debt payments to european governments.

" data-full-height="2000" data-full-src="" data-full-width="1345" data-image-id="ci0230e632801a2549" data-image-slug="Benito Juarez Statue" data-public-id="MTU3ODc5MDg2OTY2MjUyODcz" data-source-name="Jonathan Blair/CORBIS" data-title="Benito Juarez">

In 1864, Austrian Archduke Ferdinand Maximilian was sent by the French to it is in emperor that Mexico.Ruled by Napoleon III, France determined to use the chance to carve realm out of mexican territory and sent 6,000troops under basic Charles Latrille de Lorencez collection out to assault Puebla de Los Angeles, a small town in east-central Mexico.

" data-full-height="1640" data-full-src="" data-full-width="2000" data-image-id="ci0230e631a02f2549" data-image-slug="The exit Of Maximilian ns For Mexico" data-public-id="MTU3ODc5MDg2NDMwODg5Mjg5" data-source-name="The arts Archive/Corbis" data-title="The departure of Maximilian">

Juárez rounded up a ragtag force of 2,000 loyal men—many of lock either aboriginal Mexicans or of combined ancestry—and sent them come Puebla. These people dress as Zacapoaxtlaz, farmer who assisted the Mexican military in the battle versus the French,in a Cinco de mei parade.

See more: Deadly Tiger Attack At Florida Zoo, Tiger Attacks, Kills Keeper At Florida Zoo

" data-full-height="1413" data-full-src="" data-full-width="2000" data-image-id="ci0230e63260312549" data-image-slug="Mexico Celebrations Cinco De mei 3" data-public-id="MTU3ODc5MDg2NzA0MjM5OTQ1" data-source-name="Ulises Ruiz/epa/Corbis" data-title="Mexico Celebrations">

Although no a major strategic success in the as whole war versus the French, the success in ~ the fight of Puebla on may 5 stood for a good symbolic win for the mexican government and bolstered the resistance movement.Within Mexico, Cinco de mei is mostly observed in the state that Puebla.

" data-full-height="1550" data-full-src="" data-full-width="2000" data-image-id="ci0230e63250002549" data-image-slug="Army of Benito Juarez beginning Mexico City" data-public-id="MTU3ODc5MDg2OTY1NDAwOTA1" data-source-name="Hulton-Deutsch Collection/CORBIS" data-title="Army of Benito Juarez">

Maximilian to be captured and also executed through Juarez’s troops in 1867.

" data-full-height="1190" data-full-src="" data-full-width="2000" data-image-id="ci0230e63260112549" data-image-slug="The Execution the Maximilian" data-public-id="MTU3ODc5MDg2NzAyOTk0NzYx" data-source-name="CORBIS" data-title="The Execution that Maximilian">