On the Civil civil liberties Memorial room inscribed the surname of individuals who shed their lives in the battle for freedom throughout the modern-day Civil Rights activity - 1954 come 1968. The martyrs incorporate activists who were targeted for death due to the fact that of your civil legal rights work; random victims that vigilantes figured out to halt the movement; and individuals who, in the sacrifice that their own lives, brought brand-new awareness come the struggle.
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The chronology below briefly explains their lives. More information is accessible at the Civil legal rights Memorial Center.
May 7, 1955 · Belzoni, Mississippi
Rev. George Lee, one of the an initial black world registered to vote in Humphreys County, offered his pulpit and his printing push to urge others to vote. White officials available Lee security on the problem he finish his voter it is registered efforts, yet Lee refused and was murdered.
August 13, 1955 · Brookhaven, Mississippi
Lamar Smith to be shot dead top top the courthouse lawn through a white male in vast daylight when dozens of civilization watched. The killer was never ever indicted because no one would admit they saw a white male shoot a black color man. Smith had organized blacks to poll in a current election.
August 28, 1955 · Money, Mississippi
Emmett luigi Till, a 14-year-old young on holidays from Chicago, reportedly flirted with a white mrs in a store. 3 nights later, two guys took Till indigenous his bed, beat him, shot him and dumped his body in the Tallahatchie River. One all-white jury uncovered the men innocent that murder.
October 22, 1955 · Mayflower, Texas
John Earl Reese, 16, to be dancing in a café when white males fired shots into the windows. Reese to be killed and also two others to be wounded. The shootings were part of an attempt by whites to terrorize blacks into providing up plans for a brand-new school. (photograph unavailable)
January 23, 1957 · Montgomery, Alabama
Willie Edwards Jr., a truck driver, was on his way to work when the was quit by four Klansmen. The males mistook Edwards for one more man who they thought was date a white woman. They required Edwards in ~ gunpoint come jump turn off a bridge into the Alabama River. Edwards’ human body was uncovered three months later.
April 25, 1959 · Poplarville, Mississippi
Mack Charles Parker, 23, to be accused the raping a white woman. Three days prior to his situation was collection for trial, a masked mob take it him indigenous his jail cell, win him, shoot him and also threw that in the Pearl River.
September 25, 1961 · Liberty, Mississippi
Herbert Lee, who worked with civil civil liberties leader Bob Moses to assist register black color voters, was killed by a state legislator who asserted self-defense and also was never arrested. Luigi Allen, a black man who saw the murder, to be later likewise killed.
April 9, 1962 · Taylorsville, Mississippi
Cpl. Roman inn Ducksworth Jr., a military police officer stationed in Maryland, to be on leaving to visit his ailing wife once he to be ordered off a bus through a police officer and also shot dead. The police officer may have mistaken Ducksworth because that a “freedom rider” that was trial and error bus desegregation laws.
September 30, 1962 · Oxford, Mississippi
Paul Guihard, a reporter because that a French news service, was killed by gunfire indigenous a white mob during protests over the join of James Meredith come the college of Mississippi.
April 23, 1963 · Attalla, Alabama
William Lewis Moore, a mail carrier from Baltimore, was shot and killed throughout a one-man march against segregation. Moore had actually planned to provide a letter to the branch of Mississippi urging an end to intolerance.
June 12, 1963 · Jackson, Mississippi
Medgar Evers, that directed NAACP work in Mississippi, to be leading a campaign for integration in Jackson when he to be shot and killed by a sniper in ~ his home.
September 15, 1963 · Birmingham, Alabama
Addie Mae Collins, Denise McNair, Carole Robertson and also Cynthia Wesley were getting ready for church services as soon as a bomb explosive at the 16 Street Baptist Church, death all four of the school-age girls. The church had actually been a facility for civil rights meetings and marches.
September 15, 1963 · Birmingham, Alabama
Virgil Lamar Ware, 13, to be riding top top the handlebars of his brother’s bicycle once he to be fatally shoot by white teenagers. The white youths had come from a segregationist rally held in the results of the sixteenth Street Baptist Church bombing.
January 31, 1964 · Liberty, Mississippi
Louis Allen, that witnessed the murder of civil civil liberties worker Herbert Lee, sustained years of threats, jailings and harassment. He to be making final arrangements to relocate north on the day he was killed.
March 23, 1964 · Jacksonville, Florida
Johnnie Mae Chappell was murdered together she walked follow me a roadside. Her killers to be white men in search of a black person to shoot adhering to a work of racial unrest. (photograph unavailable)
April 7, 1964 · Cleveland, Ohio
Rev. Bruce Klunder was amongst civil rights activists who protested the building of a segregated college by placing their bodies in the way of construction equipment. Klunder to be crushed to death when a bulldozer backed end him.
May 2, 1964 · Meadville, Mississippi
Henry Hezekiah Dee and also Charles Eddie Moore were eliminated by Klansmen who thought the two were component of a plot to arm blacks in the area. (There was no such plot.) your bodies were discovered during a enormous search for the missing civil legal rights workers Chaney, Goodman and Schwerner.
June 21, 1964 · Philadelphia, Mississippi
James Earl Chaney, Andrew Goodman and Michael Henry Schwerner, young civil legal rights workers, were arrested through a deputy sheriff and then released right into the hands of Klansmen who had actually plotted your murders. They were shot, and also their body were hidden in an earthen dam.
July 11, 1964 · Colbert, Georgia
Lt. Col. Lemuel Penn, a Washington, D.C., educator, to be driving home from U.S. Army Reserves training when he was shot and killed by Klansmen in a pass car.
February 26, 1965 · Marion, Alabama
Jimmie Lee Jackson was beaten and shot by state troopers together he do the efforts to safeguard his grandfather and mother from a trooper strike on civil rights marchers. His death led to the Selma-Montgomery march and also the ultimate passage that the Voting legal rights Act.
Rev. James Reeb, a Unitarian minister indigenous Boston, was among many white clergymen who joined the Selma marchers after ~ the strike by state troopers at the Edmund Pettus Bridge. Reeb was beaten to death by white guys while the walked under a Selma street.
March 25, 1965 · Selma Highway, Alabama
Viola Gregg Liuzzo, a housewife and also mother indigenous Detroit, journey alone to Alabama to help with the Selma in march after seeing televised reports of the strike at the Edmund Pettus Bridge. She was ferrying marchers between Selma and Montgomery as soon as she to be shot and killed by a Klansmen in a passing car.
June 2, 1965 · Bogalusa, Louisiana
Oneal Moore was one of two black deputies hired by white officials in an effort to appease civil civil liberties demands. Moore and his partner, Creed Rogers, were on patrol once they to be blasted through gunfire indigenous a happen car. Moore was killed and also Rogers to be wounded.
July 18, 1965 · Anniston, Alabama
Willie Brewster was on his way home from work-related when he to be shot and also killed by white men. The guys belonged to the nationwide States civil liberties Party, a violent neo-Nazi group whose members had been affiliated in church bombings and also murders the blacks.
August 20, 1965 · Hayneville, Alabama
Jonathan Myrick Daniels, an Episcopal Seminary college student in Boston, had come to Alabama to aid with black voter registration in Lowndes County. He was arrested in ~ a demonstration, jailed in Hayneville and then all of sudden released. Moments after his release, he was shot to death by a deputy sheriff.
January 3, 1966 · Tuskegee, Alabama
Samuel Leamon Younge Jr., a college student civil legal rights activist, to be fatally shoot by a white gas station owner adhering to an debate over segregated restrooms.
January 10, 1966 · Hattiesburg, Mississippi
Vernon Ferdinand Dahmer, a wealthy businessman, available to pay poll taxes for those that couldn’t purchased the fee forced to vote. The night after ~ a radio station broadcasted Dahmer’s offer, his house was firebombed. Dahmer passed away later from significant burns.
June 10, 1966 · Natchez, Mississippi
Ben Chester White, who had operated most the his life as a caretaker top top a plantation, had no involvement in civil legal rights work. He to be murdered through Klansmen who believed they can divert attention from a civil legal rights march by death a black person.
July 30, 1966 · Bogalusa, Louisiana
Clarence Triggs to be a bricklayer who had attended civil rights meetings funded by the congress of gyeongju Equality. That was discovered dead ~ above a roadside, shot v the head. (photograph unavailable)
February 27, 1967 · Natchez, Mississippi
Wharlest Jackson, the treasurer that his local NAACP chapter, was one of plenty of blacks who obtained threatening Klan notices in ~ his job. After Jackson was advocated to a position previously booked for whites, a bomb to be planted in his car. The exploded minute after that left job-related one day, death him instantly.
May 12, 1967 · Jackson, Mississippi
Benjamin Brown, a former civil rights organizer, to be watching a student protest indigenous the sidelines once he was hit through stray gunshots from police who fired right into the crowd.
February 8, 1968 · Orangeburg, southern Carolina
Samuel Ephesians Hammond Jr., Delano Herman Middleton and Henry Ezekial Smith to be shot and killed by police that fired on student demonstrators at the south Carolina State university campus.
April 4, 1968 · Memphis, Tennessee
Dr. Young name Luther King Jr.
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, a Baptist minister, was a major architect that the Civil rights Movement. That led and also inspired significant non-violent desegregation campaigns, including those in Montgomery and Birmingham. He won the Nobel peace prize. He was assassinated as he ready to lead a show in Memphis.