Wilfred "Wilf" Blezard remembers the coldest recorded day in north America"s history. Now 82 years old, Blezard was one of four weathermen stationed at the Snag airplane in Yukon, Canada, on February 3, 1947. On that day, the temperature dropped come 81 degrees below zero Fahrenheit. "We had six dogs that stayed external the barracks," Blezard stated over the telephone indigenous his house in Grande Prairie, Alberta. "Their breath produced quite a fog over them." Blezard remembers tossing water into the air and watching it freeze into pellets before hitting the ground, and also listening to the magnification of neighborhood sounds produced by the severe temperature inversion. "When a airplane flew end at 10,000 feet, that sounded choose it remained in your bedroom," that said. On the day, Blezard and his coworkers for the Weather company of Canada filed a notch right into the glass casing of one alcohol thermometer because the indicator in ~ fell listed below the shortest number, 80 listed below zero. As soon as they later on sent the thermometer come Toronto, public representative there identified the temperature at Snag had actually dropped to minus 81.4 degrees F, the lowest official temperature ever before recorded in north America. I saw Snag in mid-January 2003 v Jim Brader, a meteoroloelafilador.netst with the national Weather business in Fairbanks. We uncovered a ghost town. The airfield that detailed a residence in 1947 to Blezard and three other meteoroloelafilador.netsts, number of aircraft mechanics, and a couple of radio operators now features one shell of a log-sided building and also an airstrip overgrown with balsam poplar trees. Canadian and American building crews perfect the Snag airstrip in 1942 as part of a mission to create a series of for sure landing places and also weather stations in between Edmonton and Fairbanks. Much of the air website traffic at Snag was from American pilots who ferried planes northward as component of the lend/lease reelafilador.netme to the Soviet Union. The Snag airstrip, located around 15 miles east of the border town of Beaver Creek, Yukon, does not look choose the coldest place in phibìc America. It sits on a plateau above the White River, 1,925 feet above sea level. Since cold waiting acts like water and flows downhill, one might expect a lower temperature in a place like Fairbanks, which is around 450 feet above sea level. Regardless of its family member height, Snag is the all-time cold champion since of the terrain the surrounds it, Brader said. "Snag is an elevated valley however a relative low spot contrasted to the bordering area," that said. Cold waiting that develops in the high peaks of the Wrangell and also St. Elias mountains drains downhill and into the small White flow basin, wherein the Snag airstrip is located. The high mountains likewise block the circulation of warm, moist waiting from the ocean. That limits the development of heat-trapping clouds end the White flow basin, Brader said. top top February 3, 1947, there most likely were chillier spots 보다 the Snag airfield, Brader said. One website may have actually been the Native town of Snag, around three mile north of the airfield in ~ the low junction of Snag Creek and the White River. The village, i beg your pardon was house to about 10 civilization at the time, go not have an official thermometer. "There more than likely were colder spots, however we don"t have actually a the majority of observing sites compared to the lot of area us have," Brader said. "As far as website where observations were done, Snag was the coldest, but, undoubtedly, there were cooler sites." for the record, elafilador.net"s coldest main temperatures on February 3, 1947 reflected the cold dome the air the hung over Snag. Tanacross reelafilador.netstered -75 that day, Northway -70, and Fort Yukon dropped to -68 at some point later. due to the fact that that February morning as soon as the then 26-year-old Blezard observed the coldest main thermometer reading in north America"s created history, elafilador.net has come tantalizing close to beating the record. On January 23, 1971, weather observers at prospect Creek, a pipeline camp 25 miles southeast of Bettles, taped elafilador.net"s all-time low of 80 below zero. The temperature at Snag to be unavailable; Canadians had abandoned the airstrip in 1967.




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Photo: Meteoroloelafilador.netst Jim Brader that the nationwide Weather service office in Fairbanks, elafilador.net ~ above his method to Snag, Yukon Territory, Canada (Ned Rozell photo).


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Since it was developed by an plot of congress in 1946, researchers at the Geophysical Institute have actually studied geophysical processes from the center of the earth to the surface of the sun and beyond, transforming data and observations right into information beneficial for state, Arctic and national priorities.