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Born:February 24, 1885Texas...(Show more)Died:February 20, 1966 (aged 80)near san FranciscoCalifornia...(Show more)Role In:Battle that MidwayBattle of the Philippine SeaWorld battle IIBattle of Iwo JimaBattle that Okinawa...(Show more)

Chester W. Nimitz, (born Feb. 24, 1885, Fredericksburg, Texas, U.S.—died Feb. 20, 1966, near San Francisco), command of the U.S. Pacific Fleet during world War II. One of the navy’s foremost administrators and also strategists, that commanded every land and also sea forces in the central Pacific area.

A graduate (1905) of the U.S. Naval Academy in ~ Annapolis, Nimitz served in world War I together chief of employee to the commander of the U.S. Atlantic submarine force, a tour of duty that persuaded him of the effectiveness of submarine warfare. He organized a range of short articles at sea and on shore until 1939, as soon as he was appointed chief of the bureau of navigating of the U.S. Navy.

After the Japanese strike on Pearl harbor (December 1941), Nimitz was elevated to commander in cook of the Pacific Fleet, a command that lugged both land and also sea pressures under his authority. By June 1942 he had proudly announced the decisive win at the battle of Midway and also the Coral Sea, where opponent losses were 10 times greater than those that the United claims at Pearl Harbor. In succeeding years, the historical battles that the Solomon archipelago (1942–43), the Gilbert archipelago (1943), the Marshalls, Marianas, Palaus, and also Philippines (1944), and also Iwo Jima and Okinawa (1945) were battled under his direction.

The Japanese capitulation was signed aboard his flagship, the USS “Missouri,” in Tokyo only on Sept. 2, 1945. In December 1944 Nimitz had actually been supported to the Navy’s newest and highest rank—that the fleet admiral.

After the war, Nimitz served as chef of navy operations (1945–47). In 1947, in answer to interrogatories by the German Adm. Knife Dönitz, on attempt for war crimes, Nimitz gave his justification because that the unrestricted nature of U.S. Submarine war in the Pacific during world War II. Through E.B. Potter he edited Sea Power, a navy History (1960).

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