Geography ExpertM.A., Geography, California State college - NorthridgeB.A., Geography, university of California - Davis
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During the time of the Soviet Union(1922–1991), communist countries can be found in eastern Europe, Asia, and Africa. Few of these nations, choose the People"s Republic that China, to be (and still are) global players in their own right. Other communist countries, together as east Germany, were basically satellites of the U.S.S.R. The played a far-reaching role during the Cold War however no much longer exist.

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Communismis both a politics system and also an economic one. In politics, communist parties have absolute strength over governance, and also elections are single-party affairs. In economics, the party controls the country"s financial system, and private ownership is illegal, return this facet of communist dominion has adjusted in some nations like China.

By contrast, socialist countries are generally democratic with multi-party politics systems. A socialist party go not have to be in strength for socialist principles—such as a strong social safety net and also government property of crucial industries and also infrastructure—to be component of a nation"s residential agenda. Unlike communism, exclusive ownership is urged in most socialist nations.

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The straightforward principles of communism were articulatedin the mid-1800s by karl Marx and also Friedrich Engels, two German economic and also political philosophers. However it wasn"t until the Russian transformation of 1917 that a communist nation—the Soviet Union—was born. Through the center of the 20th century, it appeared that communism could supersededemocracy together the dominant political and economic ideology. Yet today, only 5 communist countries remain in the world.


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China (People's Republic that China)


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David Stanley / Flickr / CC by 2.0

While the human being has just five truly communist countries, socialist nations (countries whose constitutions encompass statements about the protection and rule the the working class) are reasonably common Examples include Portugal, Sri Lanka, India, Guinea-Bissau, and also Tanzania. Plenty of of this nations, such as India, have multi-party political systems, and also several room liberalizing your economies, like Portugal.