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Date:1994 - 2018...(Show more)Areas of Involvement:CommunismMaoism...(Show more)Related People:Baburam BhattaraiPrachanda...(Show more)

Communist Party the Nepal (Maoist Centre), Nepalese Maoist political party the led a successful campaign to overthrow Nepal’s monarchy and also replace it v a democratically chosen government.

The Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist), or CPN (M), was founded by Pushpa Kamal Dahal—also well-known as Prachanda (“Fierce”)—in 1994, as a an outcome of a split within the Communist Party of Nepal (Unity Centre). Countless Nepalese were not even aware of the group’s existence until February 1996, once the CPN (M) introduced a guerrilla war that shook the nation. The group ruined buildings, stole currency, and killed civilians. The insurgency lasted from 1996 to 2006 and resulted in the deaths of an ext than 12,000 Nepalis. Person rights teams were vital of the CPN (M) for their alleged use of underage soldiers, some as young as 12 years old.

In order to capture political power and also defeat the pressures of the main government, the CPN (M) suggest what it dubbed the Prachanda Path, which linked indoctrination that the masses with Marxist, Leninist, and also Maoist thought and the production of armed forces bases in countryside areas. The success of the CPN (M) in the villages can be attributed to its capability to supply a modicum of governance where previously there had actually been none. As the battle escalated, the Maoists started attacking the Nepalese army. Back there were intermittent cease-fires start in 2002, fighting ongoing through 2005, as soon as the CPN (M) seek a permanent tranquility accord by developing a prodemocratic alliance through several other mainstream political next that want to finish the Nepalese monarchy. However, Nepal’s King Gyanendra lost belief in the reconciliation process, and in February 2005 he took complete control that the federal government by dismissing the chosen parliament.

This direct challenge by the king lugged the conflict to a head. Popular protest and also pressure native opposition political parties compelled Gyanendra to reinstate the conference in April 2006, and a united Nations-brokered peace treaty lugged the insurrection to an end in November of the year. The CPN (M) joined various other political parties in calls for a totally free parliamentary election. In that event, hosted in April 2008, the CPN (M) winner the biggest share that seats, and, in the very first meeting the the newly developed parliament, the Nepalese monarchy to be dissolved and also the country was declared a republic.


In July 2008 Prachanda was chosen prime minster of the new government, but, after ~ a decade of fighting, the relationship between the CPN (M) and the developed powers, specifically the military, was strained. The CPN (M) combined with the Communist Party that Nepal (Unity Centre–Masal) in January 2009 to come to be the merged Communist Party the Nepal (Maoist). In might 2009 Prachanda resigned his short article after that tried and failed to eliminate the chief of the Nepalese equipped forces. The UCPN (M) continued to be a component of the government, however, and was one integral player in the peace talks that resulted in the November 2011 agreement that integrated former rebel fighters into the Nepalese equipped forces. In 2016 it an unified with 10 various other Maoist parties and also became known as the Communist Party that Nepal (Maoist Centre).

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After entering into an electoral alliance with the bigger Communist Party the Nepal (Unified Marxist-Leninist) in the 2017 parliamentary elections, the two parties an unified into the Nepal Communist Party in 2018, and the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist Centre) to be dissolved.