On march 31, 1889, the Eiffel Tower opened up to the public. Below are some things you might not know about the lover monument.

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1. The tower was developed as an entrance arch because that the 1889 World"s Fair.


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To mark the 100th anniversary of the French Revolution, Paris held the 1889 world Fair (Exposition Universelle). Hope to be taken into consideration for the high-profile project, artist from approximately the nation sent in plans because that a structure to note the enntrance gate to the fair on the Champ-de-Mars, a public greenspace in the facility of Paris.

2. It was designed and built by the certain Eiffel et Compagnie.

The commission was offered to the consulting and also construction firm owned by Gustave Eiffel, a leg builder, architect, and metals expert. Eiffel likewise worked in the early on 1880s on the Garabit Viaduct, a leg in the Massif central region that was, at the time, the greatest bridge in the world. Prior to landing the World"s fair project, he also helped design the Statue of Liberty.

3. Gustave Eiffel garbage the early stage design.


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The tower"s key designer was one of Eiffel’s employees, senior engineer Maurice Koechlin. Technician Emile Nouguier and the head that the company’s architecture department, Stephen Sauvestre, were additionally consulted. ~ viewing Koechlin"s early sketches—which Eiffel feeling were as well minimalist—the architect instructed Koechlin to include more details and also flourishes in his redesign. Eiffel approved the final design in 1884.

4. The project compelled lots of metal (and lots of manpower).

Three hundred stole workers invested two years, two months and also five days, indigenous 1887 come 1889, building the Tower. Castle used more than 18,000 separation, personal, instance metallic parts, 2.5 million rivets, and also 40 loads of paint.

5. That is original elevation was 985 feet.


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Upon its perfect in march 1889, the Tower measure up 300 meters (985 feet) high. Surprisingly, this measure isn"t static: Cold weather can shrink the Tower by up to 6 inches.

6. It was the tallest framework in the civilization until 1930.

For 41 years, the Eiffel Tower stood higher than any building or structure in the world—until that was surpassed by the Chrysler structure in new York, i m sorry topped the end at 1046 feet. Simply a year later on the empire State Building came to be the tallest in the human being at 1454 feet v the spire. In 1957 an antenna was included that increased the Tower’s elevation by 67 feet, making that 6 feet taller 보다 the Chrysler Building.

7. A 300-member committee protested the tower.


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Led by author Guy de Maupassant, Alexandre Dumas, Jr., and also hundreds of other artists and also intellectuals, a petition the contrary the project was signed and also sent to the Parisian government. They referred to as the Tower “useless and also monstrous,” but their protests fell on deaf ears.

8. The tower to be an prompt hit.

Despite the petition, the 1889 world’s Fair was reputed a good success, thanks mainly to the Tower"s imposing presence. Practically 2 million human being visited the Eiffel Tower throughout the Fair and also spent $1.4 million on tickets, do the 1889 Fair one of the few to actually revolve a profit.

9. It was only supposed to was standing for 20 years.


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The Eiffel Tower was never ever intended to was standing over the Champ-de-Mars permanently, and was scheduled to it is in dismantled in 1909—that is, until someone realized that its apex to be the perfect ar for a telegraphy antenna. During the first World War, at the battle of Marnes in 1914, the wireless telegraph transmitter assisted jam German communications.

10. It moves!

Eiffel, a renowned expert on aerodynamics, released “The Resistance that the Air” in 1913. He and also his team draft the Tower come withstand also the the strongest winds, and never sway an ext than 4.5 inches.

11. There are three levels.


The 7 million people who visit the Eiffel Tower every year can currently travel to three various sections that the Tower in ~ three different heights. The an initial level is 189 feet high and includes an observation area, a reception room named after Gustave Eiffel, souvenir shops, an arts show, a restaurant (58 tour Eiffel) and also a transparent floor. The second floor, at 379 feet, includes one more observation area and also Le Jules Verne restaurant. The optimal level uses amazing panoramic see at 905 feet high and a champagne bar, where you deserve to grab a glass that white or rosé (just suppose to pay approximately $25 per glass).

12. Some weird occasions have taken location there.

The tower has drawn its re-superstructure of daredevils (Pierre Labric, the future market of Montmartre, was arrested because that cycling under its stairs in 1923) and overly-enthusiastic admirers. In 2007, a woman through an "objectum sexual" married the tower and adjusted her surname to Erika La tour Eiffel.

13. The tower it s okay a fresh paint of coat every seven years.


About 60 loads of paint are required to freshen the monument, which is owned by the City of Paris and operated by a windy utility referred to as the Société d"Exploitation de la tour Eiffel (SETE). An ext than 500 people work because that the SETE, as tourism guides, security, in the short article office, and in the Tower’s restaurants, shops, and also boutiques.

14. The tower was closed during the German occupation.

French resistance fighters reduced the cables for the Eiffel Tower’s elevator so Nazi officers and soldiers had actually to climb the stairs, and also the monument was closed to the public during the occupation native 1940 come 1944. Hitler actually ordered the military governor the Paris, Dietrich von Choltitz, to damage the Tower, along with the remainder of the city; fortunately, his order wasn’t carried out.

15. The iconic structure is lovely by filmmakers.

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James bond chased one assassin with the Tower in A check out to a Kill. A murder-mystery dubbed The man on the Eiffel Tower to be released in 1949 and starred future Penguin burgess Meredith. A step from The Lavender Hill Mob, i beg your pardon featured future Oscar winners Alec Guinness and also Audrey Hepburn, was filmed there. Hundreds of other films have used the Tower as a prop, or a backdrop.