Over 75 years ago today (August 25, 1939) the spectacular “Wizard that Oz” premiered at the Grauman’s Chinese Theatre in Los Angeles, CA. The MGM movie is just one of the best-loved films of all time and it starred Judy Garland as Dorothy, beam Bolger together the Scarecrow, Jack Haley together the believe Man and Bert Lahr together the Cowardly Lion. The movie was one of the most expensive movies that MGM studio had created to date and it is based on the 1900 novel “The wonderful Wizard of Oz” by L. Candid Baum.
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A brief synopsis of “The magician of Oz” movie
The movie is focused on a young girl called Dorothy Gale who is all of sudden blown away through her little dog Toto by a tornado which carries her residence from the farmlands the Kansas to the magical people of Oz. It seems that as soon as she landing in Oz in ~ a place called Munchkin Land she house has actually fallen ~ above the Witch of the East. The munchkins room happy that the Witch was dead and there is a celebration. Dorothy is confused and also anxious to be surrounding by all the tiny people celebrate the demise of the awful witch when suddenly Glinda, the good Witch that the North, appears to describe it all to Dorothy. (when Dorothy accidentally killed the Witch the the east the ruby red slippers that the witch suddenly appeared on Dorothy’s feet and also the angry Witch of the West wants the shoes earlier because they have actually magical powers!) The an excellent Witch to adjust Dorothy on the path along the yellow brick road which leader to the Emerald City where she will find the great Wizard the Oz that can aid her get ago to Kansas.
Along the yellow brick road, Dorothy meets a trio of characters that are also in need of assist from the sorcerer’s of Oz and they sign up with her and Toto ~ above the trip to the Emerald City. The first character Dorothy meet is the Tin male who is in need of a heart, then the Scarecrow who is in require of a mind and finally the Lion who is in require of courage. Dorothy speak them to come v her to see the sorcerer’s who might possibly give them their wishes too. Meanwhile, during their trip to the Emerald City they encounter the wicked Witch the the West who alerts them the Dorothy will certainly pay for killing she sister, the Witch that the East, and she will certainly take ago the ruby slippers.
Upon getting here at the Emerald City, the Wizard says that perhaps if the trio bring him the wicked Witch’s broom that will be able to grant them your wishes and also find some resolution to your problems. But unfortunately once they return to the Emerald City after accidentally killing the angry Witch the trio easily learns the the good and powerful Wizard that Oz is simply an ordinary traveling salesman that had likewise been swept away native Kansas many years previously in another dangerous storm. Dorothy and her friends room sadly distressed once the Wizard transforms out to it is in a fake and they were hoping the he would be able approve them your wishes and aid with the things that lock so no hope needed. (a trip back to Kansas because that Dorothy, a heart because that the believe Man, a brain for the Scarecrow and courage for the Cowardly Lion!) The Wizard tells them that they didn’t need him all along and that probably they had actually what they essential the totality time however that they just didn’t understand it. Dorothy learns the all she had to execute to return house is to click the heels of the ruby slippers three times while speak the indigenous “there’s no ar like home”. Unexpectedly Dorothy is earlier in Kansas and also reunited with Aunt Em and also Uncle Henry.
The make of “The sorcerer’s of Oz” movie
In 1934, Samuel Goldwyn purchase the film civil liberties to the children novel “The wonderful Wizard the Oz” by L. Candid Baum i beg your pardon was originally published in 1900. Goldwyn payment $75,000 because that the rights and also was hoping to turn it into a significant motion picture and considered spreading Shirley holy place as Dorothy and Eddie Cantor together the Scarecrow. (The Oz story had been previously adjusted into a Broadway musical, which debuted in 1903, and also several various versions of the story to be made into silent films)
At the beginning of 1938, subway Goldwyn Mayer (MGM) studios to buy the rights from Samuel Goldwyn. The screenplay went through several revisions before the last draft was approved in October 1938. The primary roles were cast with Judy Garland as Dorothy (she was just 17 year old in ~ the time manufacturing started and after the movie was released it would certainly make she a major motion photo star), ray Bolger as the Scarecrow, Jack Haley together the tin Man and Bert Lahr together the Cowardly Lion, Margaret Hamilton together the angry Witch of the West and also Frank Morgan as the wizard of Oz. Girlfriend Ebsen was originally cast in the duty of the believe Man; he filmed a few scenes and then was eventually replaced with Jack Haley. (For much more interesting casting notes, please check out “The wizard of Oz” movie trivia section later in this post)
From the start of production, George Cukor to be the an imaginative advisor but soon left in November 1938 to straight Gone with the Wind and also Victor Fleming was brought in to take it on the directorial duties the “The sorcerer’s of Oz”. The very first scenes filmed were through Judy Garland put on a blonde wig as the personality of Dorothy pull in a rather garish costume but it was soon changed to her organic brown hair and wearing the iconic checkered jumper through a white blouse, return the white blouse was actually light pink in color due to the fact that it photographed better in Technicolor. Also, come disguise Judy’s much more mature figure and to provide her the appearance of a lot younger Dorothy are portrayed in the book she had to wear a chop corset under she costume. The angry Witch (played by Margaret Hamilton) costume and make-up to be also changed from the one described in the publication to reflect a more sinister character the the movie screenplay required. As a an outcome of these changes, those very first scenes need to be re-filmed.
The original Baum publication was an important inspiration come the manufacturing team and also it identified several means in i m sorry the movie was to it is in filmed. Allow me define … in the book Baum defines Kansas as having landscape and even buildings severely weathered through colors muted right into shades. Even Dorothy’s Aunt Em and also Uncle Henry are explained as one older couple having gray hair and also wearing apparel lacking in color. So, as soon as the an initial portion the the movie to be filmed it to be cleverly shoot in black and white because that the scene in Kansas and also later colored sepia ton in post-production. Then, because that the portion of the movie v scenes taking place in the land of Oz, it to be filmed in Technicolor which assisted to produce the bright and colorful watch of a fantasy land, filming that the Technicolor scenes took over 6 months to film. Distinct attention was provided to the countless details pertaining to color, such together the perfect shade of yellow used to paint the yellow brick road and the silver slippers stated in the publication were changed to a vivid ruby red color, which to be the idea that MGM head luigi B Mayer, since it worked much better in Technicolor.
During filming over there were numerous problems including the actor’s costumes and also make-up, especially when filming required long hrs spent on set under the warmth of the klieg lights. Likewise during manufacturing there were other obstacles involving the actors members and even some major accidents. One accident the happened throughout filming involved the actors play the Winged chimpanzees of the wicked Witch and they to be injured as soon as the piano wires provided to host them up during their “flying” step in the enchanted woodland snapped throughout filming and they fell to the ground. An additional dangerous accident occurred to Margaret Hamilton (the wicked Witch) during the scene in Munchkin Land. Once the elevator offered to do her disappear in a puff the fire and also smoke malfunctioned and also the an outcome was the she suffered second-degree burns ~ above both she face and hands request a six week convalescent continue to be in the hospital. (For more interesting production notes, please see “The sorcerer’s of Oz” movie trivia section later in this post)
Then in February 1939, if the movie to be still in production, Victor Fleming left the movie to change George Cukor together director that “Gone v the Wind” i m sorry was having actually some problems in between Cukor and the actors members. King Vidor was lugged in together director to finish the filming that “The sorcerer’s of Oz” and also at the time most of the Oz scenes had been completed and also just a couple of Kansas scene such together the tornado scene and the scene in i m sorry Judy Garland sings “Over the Rainbow”, needed to it is in filmed.
After an extremely long and tedious production schedule, primary filming finally finished in march 1939 and then post-production began which required sound editing and also filming re-shoots the lasted till June. Among the most complex post-production procedures was the ar of the film that transitions the story indigenous the sepia tone Kansas right into the Technicolor land of Oz. Initially it was planned come hand-tint each structure of the Kansas scenes to maintain a regular sepia color however this verified to be also expensive and a long and also tedious process. Instead the scenes once Dorothy lands in Oz and opens the door that the home that has fallen on the Witch of eastern were re-shot. Dorothy (actually Judy Garland’s stand-in) was filmed attract a sepia colored duplicate that the gingham dress standing simply inside the house collection which was completely re-painted in sepia color and then as Dorothy (now using footage previously shot of Garland as she steps into the doorway and walking right into the colorful land the Oz) was just section of film the was hand-painted in sepia color.
Finally, after number of test screenings the movie to be finished and on august 25, 1939 the film premiered in ~ the Grauman’s Chinese Theatre in Los Angeles, CA. When the movie was very first released the received great reviews yet ticket sales were really disappointing and also this was unfortunate due to the fact that at the time it was among the many expensive films that the MGM studio had produced. The wizard of Oz was nominated for 6 Academy Awards the year, unfortunately it lost the Best photo award and also the Oscar saw Gone v the Wind but it walk win best Original track for “Over the Rainbow” which to be sung through Judy Garland in the film.
Many year later, the “Wizard of Oz” finally achieved its lengthy overdue advertising success once it was broadcast on CBS in 1956, it would certainly eventually come to be an yearly tradition for families to watch. V the relax of the movie very first on VHS and also then of DVD, “The sorcerer’s of Oz” ended up being one that the many favorite movie for several generations and a perennial standard film.
“The wizard of Oz” movie triviaSeveral sets of the above ruby red slippers were created the personality of Dorothy which was played through Judy Garland; this was not unusual for a movie studio to do with vital piece of costume. The ruby red slippers began out as white silk pumps made by the Innes Shoe agency of Los Angeles. The pair of shoes were then dyed red, a burgundy organza overlayed with approximately 2,300 hand-sewn red sequins attached and the finishing touch to be a red leather bow v a huge rectangular buckle the was embellished through red rhinestones. The shoes variety in dimension from 5 come 6 in a range of widths, Garland specifically requested a large size come use because her feet became slightly swollen after plenty of hours ~ above the set. Three of the bag of shoes had actually orange feeling soles come deaden the sound while go or dancing during a scene. 5 pairs of the ruby red slippers are recognized to tho exist, one pair is in the Smithsonian Museum in Washington D.C. And also unfortunately one pair was stolen in august 2005 and also never recovered.
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