DemographicsEstimate% the Total
Unauthorized Population 10,977,000 100%
Top countries of Birth
Mexico 5,572,000 51%
El Salvador 750,000 7%
Guatemala 588,000 5%
India 469,000 4%
Honduras 402,000 4%
Regions that Birth
Mexico and central America 7,425,000 68%
Caribbean 406,000 4%
South America 783,000 7%
Europe/Canada/Oceania 648,000 6%
Asia 1,485,000 14%
Africa 230,000 2%
Years that U.S. Residence
Less 보다 5 2,309,000 21%
5 come 9 2,059,000 19%
10 come 14 2,564,000 23%
15 come 19 2,512,000 23%
20 or more 1,532,000 14%
Under 16 593,000 5%
16 come 24 1,706,000 16%
25 to 34 3,297,000 30%
35 come 44 3,077,000 28%
45 come 54 1,498,000 14%
55 and also over 805,000 7%
Female 5,073,000 46%
FamilyEstimate% of Total
Parental Status
Population periods 15 and older 10,460,000 100%
Reside v at the very least one U.S.-citizen kid under 18 3,704,000 35%
Reside through noncitizen children only under 18 704,000 7%
Reside with no kids 6,052,000 58%
Marital Status
Population eras 15 and also older 10,460,000 100%
Never married 4,093,000 39%
Married to a U.S. Citizen 1,595,000 15%
Married to a legal permanent resident (LPR) 675,000 6%
Married come non-U.S. Citizen/non-LPR 2,528,000 24%
Divorced, separated, widowed 1,570,000 15%
Education and LanguageEstimate% of Total
School Enrollment the Children and also Youth
Population ages 3 to 17 737,000 100%
Enrolled 661,000 90%
Not enrolled 76,000 10%
Population ages 3 come 12 359,000 100%
Enrolled 308,000 86%
Not enrolled 51,000 14%
Population periods 13 come 17 378,000 100%
Enrolled 353,000 93%
Not enrolled 25,000 7%
Population periods 18 come 24 1,527,000 100%
Enrolled 634,000 42%
Not enrolled 893,000 58%
Educational Attainment that Adults
Population periods 25 and older 8,677,000 100%
0-5 grade 1,160,000 13%
6-8 grade 1,330,000 15%
9-12 grade 1,289,000 15%
High school diploma or equivalent 2,117,000 24%
Some university or associate’s degree 1,110,000 13%
Bachelor’s, graduate, or experienced degree 1,671,000 19%
English Proficiency
Population periods 5 and older 10,890,000 100%
Speak just English 848,000 8%
Speak English "very well" 2,919,000 27%
Speak English "well" 2,476,000 23%
Speak English "not well"/"not at all" 4,648,000 43%
Top 5 Languages spoken at Home
Population ages 5 and older 10,890,000 100%
Spanish 7,908,000 73%
English 855,000 8%
Chinese 384,000 4%
Tagalog 186,000 2%
Portuguese 138,000 1%
WorkforceEstimate% the Total
Labor force Participation
Civilian population ages 16 and also older 10,378,000 100%
Employed 6,803,000 66%
Unemployed 484,000 5%
Not in the job force 3,090,000 30%
Top markets of Employment
Civilian employed population ages 16 and also older 6,803,000 100%
Construction 1,352,000 20%
Accommodation and also food services, arts, entertainment, and recreation 1,158,000 17%
Professional, scientific, management, administrative, and waste administration services 956,000 14%
Manufacturing 650,000 10%
Retail trade 566,000 8%
EconomicsEstimate% the Total
Family Income
Below 50% the the poor level 1,305,000 12%
50-99% the the poverty level 1,516,000 14%
100-149% the the poverty level 1,869,000 17%
150-199% of the poverty level 1,520,000 14%
At or above 200% that the poverty level 4,768,000 43%
Access to health Insurance
Uninsured 5,716,000 52%
Home Ownership*
Homeowner 3,202,000 29%


Source: these 2018 data an outcome from Migration plan Institute (MPI) evaluation of U.S. Census office data from the pooled 2014–18 American ar Survey (ACS) and also the 2008 survey of Income and Program authorized (SIPP), weighted come 2018 innocuous immigrant populace estimates noted by Jennifer van Hook of The Pennsylvania State University.

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Note: for U.S., state, and also county approximates of the unauthorized population potentially eligible for the Deferred action for Childhood arrivals (DACA) program, click here.

Data-related notes* “Homeowners” room unauthorized immigrants residing in homes that space owned, no rented.

+ consists of the adhering to Colorado counties: Adams, Broomfield, clear Creek, Douglas, Elbert, Gilpin, and also Jefferson, and portions of Arapahoe, Boulder, and also Weld counties.

++ NECTAs express to brand-new England City and Town Areas, geographic entities characterized by the U.S. Census bureau for use as options to counties in the six-state brand-new England region.

Estimate for China contains Hong Kong however excludes Taiwan; calculation for Korea has South Korea and also North Korea.“School Enrollment that Children and also Youth” describes unauthorized immigrants who reported attending institution or university at any time in the 3 months before the survey.For languages, “Chinese” has Mandarin, Cantonese, and also other Chinese languages; “English” includes English, Jamaican Creole, Krio, Pidgin Krio, and other English-based creolian languages; “French” includes French, Patois, and Cajun; “Pacific Island languages” consists of Ilocano, Samoan, Hawaiian, Sebuano, Chamorro, Guamanian, Marshallese, Trukese, Tongan, and also other Austronesian languages, however excludes Tagalog and also Filipino, which room reported separately; “Portuguese” consists of Portuguese and also Cape Verdean Creole; “Sub-Saharan African” includes Swahili or other Bantu languages, Mande, Fulani, Kru, and other unspecified afri languages; “Tagalog” has Tagalog and Filipino. For industries, “Other services” are assorted services, not consisting of the adhering to services provided separately: (1) professional, scientific, management, administrative, and waste management services; (2) education services; (3) health and social services; and (4) accommodation and also food services, arts, entertainment, and recreation. “-” approximates are zero, not applicable, or not presented due to small sample size.Percentages may not add up to 100 as result of rounding.

Methodology in Brief:

MPI’s method uses details from the SIPP to entrust legal status to noncitizens in the ACS. In the SIPP, noncitizens report whether they at this time have lawful permanent resident (LPR) status—i.e., a green card. Those without LPR status might be current refugees, temporary visitors (e.g., worldwide students or high-skilled H-1B workers), or not authorised immigrants. Our method maps characteristics such as nation of birth, year that U.S. Entry, age, gender, and also educational attainment in between the two surveys, and also those noncitizens in the ACS who have characteristics similar to those reporting LPR standing in the SIPP room coded as LPRs in the ACS. The staying noncitizens—who are similar in features to those no reporting LPR status in the SIPP—are classified together either unauthorized or legal short-lived migrants, relying on whether they meet the qualifications because that H-1B and the various other temporary visa classifications. Estimates of unauthorized immigrants space weighted to complement control totals (benchmarks) for immigrants from a set of origin countries and world regions. These regulate totals space calculated by subtracting the variety of legal immigrant from the full of all immigrants for each nation and an ar that are caught in the ACS data. The variety of legal immigrants is estimated by adding up every legal admissions indigenous each nation and region in every year—using room of countryside Security governmental data—and climate reducing this number to account because that deaths and also emigration of legitimate immigrants. Finally, the unauthorized immigrant population estimates are adjusted upward contempt to account for the undercount that this population in the ACS.

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MPI’s overall technique was emerged in consultation through James Bachmeier of holy place University and Jennifer van Hook the The Pennsylvania State University, population Research Institute. For much more detail top top the methods, see MPI, “MPI Methodology for Assigning Legal standing to Noncitizen respondent in U.S. Census Bureau inspection Data.” The regulate totals were occurred by Jennifer valve Hook. These approximates have the very same sampling and coverage errors as any other survey-based approximates that count on ACS and other Census bureau data.

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