This comparison examines the differences in between the policies and political location of the Democratic and Republican parties on significant issues such together taxes, the function of government, entitlements (Social Security, Medicare), total control, immigration, healthcare, abortion, environmental policy and regulation. These two parties overcome America"s politics landscape yet differ considerably in your philosophies and also ideals.

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See also: Joe Biden vs. Donald Trump

Comparison chart

Democrat matches Republican comparison chart DemocratRepublicanPhilosophy Economic principles Social and also human principles Stance on Military problems Stance ~ above Gay marital relationship Stance ~ above Abortion Stance on death Penalty Stance on count Stance on federal government Regulation Healthcare policy Stance on immigrant Traditionally solid in states Symbol Color Founded in Website Senate Leader Chairperson Famous Presidents Seats in the Senate Seats in the house of to represent Governorships Membership 2020 Presidential nominee
Liberal, left-leaning. Conservative, right-leaning.
Minimum wages and also progressive taxation, i.e., greater tax prices for higher income brackets. Born out of anti-federalist ideals but evolved gradually to favor an ext government regulation. Believe counting shouldn"t be enhanced for anyone (including the wealthy) and that wages should be collection by the complimentary market.
Based ~ above community and social responsibility Based on individual rights and also justice
Decreased spending Increased spending
Support (some democracy disagree) Oppose (some republic disagree)
Should stay legal; assistance Roe v. Wade Should not be legal (with part exceptions); protest Roe v. Wade
While support for the death penalty is strong among Democrats, opponents of the death penalty room a substantial portion of the democratic base. A large majority of Republicans assistance the death penalty.
Progressive (high earnings earners have to be taxed at a higher rate). Generally not opposed to increasing taxes to money government. Tend to donate a "flat tax" (same tax price regardless that income). Usually opposed to elevating taxes.
Government regulations are essential to defend consumers. Government regulation hinder totally free market capitalism and also job growth.
Support global healthcare; strong support of federal government involvement in healthcare, including Medicare and also Medicaid. Generally support Obamacare. Private providers can provide healthcare services more efficiently 보다 government-run programs. Oppose Obamacare provisions choose (1) necessity for people to buy health insurance or salary a fine, (2) forced coverage of contraceptives.
There is greater as whole support in the autonomous party because that a moratorium ~ above deporting - or offering a pathway come citizenship come - details undocumented immigrants. E.g. Those with no criminal record, who have actually lived in the U.S. For 5+ years. Republicans are generally versus amnesty for any undocumented immigrants. They likewise oppose chairman Obama"s executive order that placed a moratorium ~ above deporting specific workers. Republicans likewise fund more powerful enforcement actions at the border.
California, Massachusetts, brand-new York Oklahoma, Kansas, Texas
Donkey Elephant
Blue Red
1824 1854
Chuck Schumer Mitch McConnell
Tom Perez Ronna Romney McDaniel
Franklin Roosevelt (FDR), john F. Kennedy, bill Clinton, Woodrow Wilson, Jimmy Carter, Barack Obama Abraham Lincoln, Teddy Roosevelt, Ronald Reagan, George Bush, Richard Nixon
45/100 (not including 2 elevation Senators that caucus with the autonomous Party) 53/100
235/435 200/435
23/50 27/50
44.7 million (as the 2017) 32.8 million (as the 2017)
Joe Biden Donald Trump

Contents: Democrat vs Republican

2 differences in Philosophy3 democratic vs Republican stand on controversial issues4 Immigration6 Red states and also Blue says list9 Republican vs democratic Demographics

history of the Democratic and Republican parties

The democratic Party traces its beginnings to the anti-federalist factions about the time the America’s freedom from brothers rule. These factions were organized into the Democrat – Republican party by thomas Jefferson, James Madison, and other influential enemies of the Federalists in 1792.

The Republican party is the younger the the 2 parties. Founded in 1854 by anti-slavery expansion activists and also modernizers, the Republican Party rose to prominence with the election of Abraham Lincoln, the very first Republican president. The party presided end the American civil War and Reconstruction and was harried by internal factions and scandals in the direction of the end of the 19th century.

Since the department of the Republican Party in the choice of 1912, the democratic party has consistently positioned chin to the left of the Republican Party in economic as well as social matters. The economically left-leaning activist viewpoint of Franklin D. Roosevelt, which has actually strongly influenced American liberalism, has actually shaped much of the party"s financial agenda since 1932. Roosevelt"s new Deal coalition usually regulated the national federal government until 1964.

The Republican Party this day supports a pro-business platform, with structures in economic libertarianism, and also fiscal and social conservatism.

distinctions in approach

Republican approach leans much more towards individual freedoms, rights and also responsibilities. In contrast, Democrats affix greater importance to equality and social/community responsibility.

While there may be several distinctions in opinion in between individual Democrats and Republicans on details issues, what follows is a generalization of your stand on numerous of this issues.

Role that Government

One of the an essential differences between Democratic and also Republican party ideals is about the role of government. Democrats have tendency to donate a more active function for government in society and believe that together involvement have the right to improve the high quality of people’s lives and help attain the bigger goals that opportunity and equality. Top top the other hand, Republicans have tendency to favor a small government — both in terms of the number of people employed by the government and also in regards to the roles and also responsibilities of government in society. They see "big government" as wasteful and also an obstacle to gaining things done. Their technique is Darwinian capitalism in that strong businesses need to survive in a complimentary market fairly than the federal government influencing—through regulation—who wins or loser in business.

For example, Democrats often tend to favor eco-friendly regulations and also anti-discrimination legislations for employment. Republicans tend to take into consideration such regulation harmful come business and also job growth due to the fact that most laws have unintended consequences. Indeed, the eco-friendly Protection company (EPA) is a government agency that countless Republican presidential candidates love come deride as an instance of "useless" government agencies the they would shut down.

Another example is the food stamps program. Republicans in Congress were demanding cut to the Supplemental Nutrition assistance Program (or SNAP), when Democrats want to expand this program. Democrats said that v the unemployment rate high, many families needed the assistance provided by the program. Republicans argued that there was a the majority of fraud in the program, which is wasting taxpayer dollars. Republicans also favor an ext individual responsibility, for this reason they would prefer to institute rule that force beneficiaries of welfare programs to take more personal obligation through procedures like mandatory medicine testing, and also looking because that a job.<1>

autonomous vs Republican stand on controversial issues

The Democrats and also Republicans have actually varying ideas on countless hot button issues, few of which are listed below. These are extensively generalized opinions; it should be provided that there are countless politicians in each party that have different and more nuanced positions on these issues.


Republicans: Prefer increasing military spending and also have a much more hard heat stance against countries favor Iran, with a higher tendency to deploy the military option.

Democrats: like lower rises in armed forces spending and also are comparatively more reluctant come using armed forces force versus countries prefer Iran, Syria and Libya.

Gun control laws

Democrats favor an ext gun regulate laws e.g. Protest the best to bring concealed weapons in publicly places. Republic oppose gun regulate laws and are strong supporters the the 2nd Amendment (the ideal to be afflicted with arms) as well as the right to bring concealed weapons.


Democrats assistance abortion rights and keeping elective abortions legal. Republicans believe abortions should not it is in legal and also that Roe v. Wade have to be overturned. Part Republicans go so far regarding oppose the contraception mandate i.e. Request employer-paid health and wellness insurance plans come cover contraception.

A related allude of aberration is embryonic stem cell research study - Democrats assistance it when Republicans carry out not.

LGBTQ rights

Democrats often tend to donate equal civil liberties for gay and also lesbian couples e.g. The ideal to acquire married and embrace children. Republicans believe that marriage should be characterized as between a man and a mrs so they execute not support gay marriage, nor enabling gay couples to take on children.

Democrats space also more supportive of civil liberties for transgender people; for example, within around a month of taking office, Republican chairman Donald trump card rescinded protections because that transgender students the had allowed them to usage bathrooms equivalent with their gender identity.

Now the gay marital relationship is legal nationwide, the battleground has actually shifted to related concerns like transgender rights and also anti-discrimination laws protecting LGBTQ people. Because that example, democrats favor legislations barring businesses indigenous refusing to offer gay customers.

death Penalty

The bulk opinion in America about the fatality penalty is the it have to be legal. However, countless Democrats room opposed to it and the 2016 autonomous Party platform referred to as for abolishing the death penalty.<2>


Democrats support progressive taxes. A steady tax mechanism is one whereby high-income individuals pay taxes at a higher rate. This is the exactly how federal revenue tax brackets room currently collection up. Because that example, the first $10,000 in revenue is taxation at 10% however marginal earnings over $420,000 is taxation at 39.6%.

Republicans assistance tax cuts for everyone (rich and also poor alike). They think that a smaller government would need less revenue from taxes to sustain itself. Part Republicans are advocates of a "flat tax" whereby all world pay the same percentage of their earnings in taxes nevertheless of income level. Lock consider higher tax rates on the wealthy a type of course warfare.

Related: A comparison of Donald Trump and Joe Biden"s tax Policies

Minimum fairy

Democrats favor raising the minimum wage, including a setting a federal limit so that it likewise applies in so-called red states. Most democratic proposals today room to raise the from the existing $7.25 an hour to $15. Lock argue the minimum wage must be high sufficient that someone working a permanent minimum fairy job must not be below the poor line.

Republicans controversy that raising the minimum wage damages businesses, which provides them rental fewer workers, slowing down the economic climate for everyone. They also argue that since cost of living is various in every state, minimum wage legislations should take it that right into account quite than mandating a $15 wage nationally (which they argue is too high for some states).

Foreign Policy

U.S. Foreign policy has traditionally been reasonably consistent in between Democratic and also Republican administrations. Key allies have always been other Western powers prefer the UK, France. Allies in the middle eastern were—and proceed to remain—countries like Israel, Saudi Arabia and Bahrain.

Nevertheless, some differences can be seen based on the Obama administration"s taking care of of connections with specific countries. For example, Israel and the U.S. Have constantly been solid allies. However relations between Obama and also Israeli prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu have been tense. A significant contributor to this tension has actually been the Obama administration"s Iran policy. The U.S. Tightened penalty on Iran in Obama"s an initial term, yet negotiated a transaction in the 2nd term that permitted international inspections the Iranian atom facilities. The U.S. And Iran additionally found common ground against the hazard from ISIS. This rapprochement has irked Iran"s traditional rival Israel, even though because that all handy purposes Israel and the U.S. Remain staunch allies. Republic in Congress opposed the Iran deal and the easing of sanctions versus Iran. They likewise invited Netanyahu to supply a speech versus the deal.

Another nation where the autonomous Obama management reversed decades of U.S. Policy is Cuba. Republican edge Paul sustained the unfreezing of connections with Cuba but his opinion is not mutual by a majority of Republicans.<3>. Republicans choose presidential contenders Marco Rubio and Ted Cruz have actually publicly protest the normalization of relations with Cuba. <4><5>


Politicians indigenous both parties are regularly heard saying the "The immigration system in this nation is broken." However, the politics divide has actually been too wide to let any kind of bipartisan legislation pass come "fix" the system with "comprehensive immigrant reform."

Undocumented immigrants

In basic the democratic Party is considered an ext sympathetic come the immigrant cause. There is prevalent support among Democrats because that the DREAM act which grants conditional residency (and long-term residency upon meeting additional qualifications) to undocumented immigrant who came to the U.S. When they to be minors. The bill never passed however the (Democratic) Obama management did worry some protections for certain qualified undocumented immigrants.


Both Democratic and Republican managements have used and favored deportations. More undocumented immigrants were exile under chairman Obama than any type of president before him. Deportations have continued, if not accelerated, under president Trump.

Legal immigration

Republicans favor legal immigrant to it is in "merit-based" or "point-based". Such equipment are supplied by countries like Canada and Australia to enable lawful entry vi to people with in-demand skills who can contribute to the economy. The flip next of together a device is that not sufficient visas may be obtainable for family-based immigration. A merit-based mechanism is additionally the opposite of the "Give me your tired, your poor, your huddled masses yearning to breath free, The wretched refuse of her teeming shore." philosophy.

Civil Rights

Abraham Lincoln belonged come the Republican Party, therefore the root of the party lied in individual freedom and the abolition that slavery. Indeed, 82% of the republicans in the U.S. Senate vote in favor of the Civil civil liberties Act of 1964 while just 69% of democracy did. The southern wing that the autonomous party was vehemently opposed to civil rights legislation.

However, ~ the i of the Civil rights Act, there was a type of function reversal. Todd Purdum, author of an Idea who Time has actually Come, a book about the legislature maneuvering behind the i of the Civil civil liberties Act, says this in one interview through NPR:

SIEGEL: how much the the Republican Party in Congress sustained the civil legal rights bill as it quiet was? and how numerous voted because that cloture to rest the filibuster?PURDUM: Well, the last vote in the Senate for the invoice was 73 come 27, with 27 the end of 33 Republican votes. So in proportional terms, the Republicans sustained this bill much much more than the democrats did in both houses.SIEGEL: A few weeks after lindon Johnson signed that bill into law, as we heard at the beginning, the republic go and also they nominate Barry Goldwater for president, a Republican who had voted against civil rights. And also their heritage is jettisoned at that moment.PURDUM: In part important way that was the start of changing the Republican Party from the party that Lincoln into the party the white backlash i m sorry is, frankly, reputation the in the South particularly endures to this day, and also has hurt the Republican Party as a national brand in presidential elections.Republicans think that Purdum"s suggest of view is misleading due to the fact that Goldwater supported previous attempts at passing a Civil rights act, and desegregation, but did not like the 1964 Act because he feeling it violation on states" rights.

In any kind of case, the existing dynamic is the minorities prefer Hispanics and also African Americans and are much more likely come vote autonomous than Republican. However, over there are influential African American Republicans prefer Colin Powell, Condoleezza Rice, Herman Cain, Clarence Thomas, Michael Steele and also Alan West, and also Hispanics favor Marco Rubio, Ted Cruz, Alberto Gonzales and Brian Sandoval.

Voter id laws

Civil liberties groups like the ACLU slam the GOP because that pushing because that voter ID legislations — Republicans believe these regulations are essential to protect against voter fraud when Democrats case that voter fraud is practically non-existent and that these laws disenfranchise black and Hispanic voters who have tendency to it is in poorer and also unable to attain ID cards.

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Black resides Matter

The black Lives issue movement is a mostly autonomous priority while Republicans have actually expressed an ext concern around the shootings of police officers. The 2016 Republican convention featured people killed in ~ the hands of undocumented immigrants, and also a sheriff proclaiming "blue resides matter." The democratic convention, ~ above the various other hand, detailed a forum because that testimonials from the mothers of black men and also women killed in confrontations through police.<6>